Established as a National Park in 2004, Nyungwe, located southwest of Rwanda towards the Burundian border, south of Lake Kivu and west of the DRC, is Africa's largest Afro-Montane forest and the best site for chimpanzee trekking. The park hosts 2 habituated chimpanzee groups; a smaller group of 30 chimps tracked in Cyamudongo Forest Area of the park and the larger group consisting of about 60 chimps. Nyungwe is also known to host the largest troop of the black and white colobus monkey amongst the 13 primate species in the region, not limited to the chimps.
Nyungwi's biodiversity spans 1068 plant species (200 species of trees and 248 species of orchids), 75 known mammals including the cerval cat, mongoose, Congo clawless otter, leopard etc, 300 bird species, making it a bird-watching paradise, with 29 of the species being endemic to the Albertine Rift.
The topography of the forest includes swamps, bamboo thicket, marshes, heath, open woodland and microhabitats. The forest is additionally lined with 130km of constructed trails, allowing travelers of different fitness levels enjoy its beauty.
Additional activities include experiencing the canopy walk and also walking up to Isumo Waterfall. Tea plantations border the edges of the park for farm tours.
Lastly, Nyungwe is Rwanda's largest water catchment area, experiencing plenty of rainfall and in turn allowing it to supply water to 70% of the country.